Spondylosistheses is a medical term used for spine slippage. The human spine has a perfectly aligned S shape, but spondylolisthesis distorts this alignment. With spondylolisthesis, a vertebra slips forward or backward onto the vertebra below.

Depending on the cause, spondylolisthesis can be classified into 5 different types: degenerative, isthmic, dysplastic/congenital, pathogenic, and traumatic spondylolisthesis.

  1. Degenerative spondylolisthesis is most commonly caused by degenerative diseases.
  2. Isthmic spondylolisthesis affects both adults and children. It is generally caused by a small fracture(s) in the pars interarticularis, part of the facet joint.
  3. Dysplastic spondylolisthesis, also known as congenital spondylolisthesis, is a result of a congenital birth defect.
  4. Pathogenic spondylolisthesis is caused by diseases such as tumors or infections.
  5. Traumatic spondylolisthesis is the result of a bone fracture from a traumatic event.


Spondylolisthesis can occur anywhere on the spine, it is most common in the lower back and is a common source of lower back pain. Even though in many cases, the symptoms can be improved with non-surgical treatments, serious spondylolisthesis may need surgery. Symptoms of spondylolisthesis can be extremely painful and debilitating. Sufferers often have trouble working, as function is limited and walking is difficult.

Note from the Doctor

We are concerned about all of our patients and we will provide the treatment and care that will help with spondylolisthesis.


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