It is not a specific condition but refers to chronic injuries of the spinal nerve roots caused by nerve compression, or irritation that has been left untreated.
Radiculopathy is the term used to describe symptoms in any part of the spine caused by nerves that are not working properly.
It is most common in the lower back (lumbar radiculopathy) and in the neck (cervical radiculopathy).
Signs and symptoms of radiculopathy include pain that feels like a burning sensation, numbness, and tingling in the arms or legs. As the condition progresses it is possible that further symptoms such as muscle weakness and muscular atrophy will begin to be seen.
Symptoms of radiculopathy are also dependent on which nerve is affected. For example, inflamed nerves in the neck and inflamed nerves in the back show symptoms in different parts of the body. In particular, symptoms of cervical radiculopathy are seen in the shoulders, arms, and hands; whereas symptoms of lumbar radiculopathy are found in the buttocks, legs, and feet. It is also true that radiculopathy symptoms may be felt in specific areas of the extremities depending on which nerve is actually affected.